WWI - The Ground War
Although Warbirdsite.Com is
generally dedicated to aviation and the air war, those who fought on
the ground and at sea should never be forgotten. This page is designed
to highlight some of the stories behind this people who fought in this
Gallipoli - New Zealanders on Chunuk Bair
Anderson's British War Medal
Collar badge of the 6th Manawatu Mounted Rifles
Ref. No. 1078. BRITISH WAR MEDAL AWARDED TO
11/4 OSCAR FREDERICK ANDERSON, NZEF, KIA ON CHUNUK BAIR 9 AUGUST
He stayed with
the 1st Scottish Horse and
was selected, along with others, to represent them at the 1902
King Edward in
WWI, he enlisted as a trooper and served in the 6th Manawatu
Rifles. It served with the
Wellington Mounted Rifle Regiment at Gallipoli.
Details of Anderson's time at Anzac Cove are not known
but he certainly would have been involved in various actions prior to
the August Offensive.
During the fighting on the 9th, the only full day the New Zealanders held the summit of Chunuk Bair,
In the fierce fighting to hold the summit (which had been won on the morning of the 8th), casualties were high. A total of 88 New Zealanders were killed in action that day – 49 of these (including
On the evening of the 9th the New Zealanders were replaced by the 6th Loyal North Lancashires and the 5th Wiltshires. On the morning of the following day, however, the Turks, which had amassed behind Sari Bair, overran the two battalions holding the summit. Up to 900 British soldiers were cut down. It is believed that many of the young British recruits ran from the summit and only about 40 Lancashires are known to have survived. Turkish losses were staggering with as many as 5000 being claimed to have been machine-gunned to death as they charged down the hill. Chunuk Bair was lost and with it any opportunity to cross the peninsula towards the Narrows and the
Machine-gunner on the Apex below Chunuk Bair
Wounded from the initial battle for Chunuk Bair arrive at No. 2 Outpost on 7th August 1915.
Infantry on the Apex below Chunuk Bair
The Chunuk Bair Memorial
Arthur Thomas Hall - photograph taken with other sergeants at Codford, England.
No. 1082. WWI MEDALS, MEMORIAL PLAQUE AND DOG TAGS FOR 23/2195
SERGEANT ARTHUR THOMAS HALL, NZEF.
Arthur Thomas Hall was killed in action on 4 October
1917, age 34, during the successful Battle of Broodseinde, one of eight
battles that took place during Third Ypres (sometimes known just as the
Battle of Passchendaele).
Hall was the son of Achibald and Katherine Hall of Hill
St, Wellington, and husband of Jessie Catherine Hall, of 252 Somme
Parade, Aramoho, Wanganui. Being with the 1st Battalion, New
Zealand Rifle Brigade (part of 3rd New Zealand Brigade of the New
Zealand Division), he would have left Wellington on 8 October 1915 and
arrived in Cairo on 14 November 1915 - too late to see action at
Gallipoli, which was evacuated the following month. The 1st and 2nd
Battalion were joined on the 13th and 15th March 1916 by the 3rd and
4th Battalions and together they left Alexandria on 7 April for France.
They entered the line on 13 May 1916 east of Armentieres.
Hall would have taken part in the Battle of the Somme
when it attacked on 15 September 1916 as part of the Battle of
Flers-Courcelette, as well as the Battle of Messines in 1917.
The Battle of Messines in September 1917 (in which large
detonated under the German troops) and the Battle of Broodseinde (4
which Hall was killed) were successful advances from the Ypres Salient
(undertaken in part to "flatten" the line). The reason for success was
due to careful planning,
good tactics and favourable weather. Each advance was preceeded by a
heavy artillery barrage which cut the wire and made life miserable for
the German defenders. When the advance was made, soldiers advanced
behind a "creeping" barrage. This required careful coodination and
ranging from the
artillery. The Battle of Broodseinde was
seen as a textbook operation and the New Zealand Division was
justifiably proud of achieving all its goals. To that date, the New
Zealand Division had not experienced military failure.
Hall’s name is recorded on Panel Six of the Memorial to the Missing at
Like so many others, on both sides of the war, Arthur Hall never returned home to the country of his birth. Never again did his parents, Achibald and Catherine, or wife Jessie, share the warmth of his embrace.
Victory Medal (left) and British War Medal awarded to Hall and sent to his family.
Memorial Plaque with name "Arthur Thomas Hall"
Hall's dog tags. "NZRB" stands for New Zealand Rifle Brigade. It is interesting to note that his service number is incorrectly recorded on both tags as 23/2125 rather than 23/2195.