Aeronautical items from WWI

Ref. No. 788. WORLD WAR I SE5 PROPELLER HUB CLOCK.  Item consists of a core component of an SE5 propeller hub that is made from mahogany and five laminations.  The back of the hub has been stamped with SE5 but this was probably done after it was modified.  The circular core is mounted on a base made of oak and measuring 350 mm wide by 135 mm deep.  Two book-end-like scrolls support the core on the base.  On top is a carved set of wings. The central hole has been fitted with a working clock, which keeps good time.  One interesting feature of the clock is that, in addition to having the numerals one to 12 around the edge, it also has smaller 24-hour numerals outside the larger numbers (ie. 13 next to 1, 18 next to 6 and 24 next to 12, etc).  The eight holes on the front, which would have been used to bolt the propeller onto to the propeller shaft, have been filled with wooden plugs (the holes are still open at the rear however).

Ref. No. 972.  ZENITH ROYAL FLYING CORPS ALTIMETER. Mark V.A No. 11925/W. Non-Luminous. Has original bevelled glass front. Knob at base rotates outer dial so that instrument could be calibrated prior to take-off. Has “A” stamped on rear with broad arrow (which was the mark for RFC instruments).  Type was fitted to aircraft such as Sopwith Camels and Pups, SE5As, Avro 504s, Bristol Fighters, etc.

Ref. No. 1207. ROYAL FLYING COPPS FLYING GOGGLES. Has stamp on side in gold with TSG and "Triple Safety Glass" plus the words “Aero Mask”. On the metal bridge is the word Patent and the date "August 1917". The same type of goggles are on display with the Omaka Aviation Heritage Centre, where most of the artefacts are owned by Peter Jackson.

Ref. No. 129. 1918 WWI PHOTO FRAME PROPELLER TIP. Mahogany. Two photographs of WWI American pilot. Top of frame has "US" with pilot wings. Bottom of frame has "AEF 1918" carved onto silk scarf which forms a bow on an olive branch - all carved and raised from propeller. On reverse side is original propeller sticker with words "Boulton & Paul Ltd, Norwich" with "In conjunction with & Sons Ltd."  Item was part of estate owned by Professor Gordon Marshall Petersen who died at St. John of Gods on 9 November 1996, aged 74. He was Head of Dept. of Mathematics at Canterbury University from 1965 to 1983.  Pilot is Gordon Marshall. Son of Richard and Anne Marshall and brother of Gordon Peterson’s mother. Uncle of GMP. Operated several garages and built his own aeroplanes in San Francisco area. Survived WWI US Army Air Force but was killed in an air crash in 1920 aged 32. Medals given to uncle for services to aviation after crash.

Ref. No. 31. WWI HANDLEY PAGE BOMBER COMPASS. Aperiodic. Brass and alloy. 160mm diameter, 90mm deep. White card with red and blue dome. Luminous symbols. Only writing is on top rim "THE C.O.AERO COMPASS Patent applied for". Below "COMPASS" is the number "324". Housing is painted black and has white fore and aft lines. Inner compass is not rotatable. Photos of a WWI Handley Page bomber show this type of compass fitted.

Ref. No. 883.  POSTCARD TITLED “ANZACS IN FRANCE”.  Caption on front reads “159 Anzacs in France.  New Zealand Premier’s visit. Daily Mail.  Official photograph. Crown Copyright reserved.”  Caption on rear states “The Rt. Hon W F Massey and Sir Joseph Ward at the Front.  They are seen beside a war-plane talking about its capabilities.”  The postcard was produced by the Daily Mail as an Official War Picture and this card is Series XX. No. 159. Printed in England. 
Ref. No. 110. WOODEN GENERATOR PROPELLER. Circa WWI. Mahogany. Fifteen inches in diameter. stamped into rear is "15 IN. DIA" and "2.10 FT. PITCH." Manufacturers transfer logo is of Unit Construction Co, Philadelphia, USA.

Ref. No. 876. STEREOCARD IMAGE TITLED “SOME GALLANT AIR FIGHTERS” SHOWING AMERICAN ACE EDDIE RICKENBACKER.  Also states "Made in the USA".  The aircraft shown is a French designed SPAD Type 13, as evidenced by the external exhaust pipe running back along the cockpit and the distinct grill.  SPAD stood for "Societe Pour Aviation et ses Derivees".  The SPAD Type 13 was popular  with American pilots and by November 1918 it equipped 16 AEF pursuit squadrons.  On the fuselage between the pilots is an inverted Uncle Sams hat with a circle around it.  This was the logo for the 94 Squadron and the pilot shown to the left of the logo is the famous American ace Eddie Rickenbacker, who shot down 26 German aircraft.
Ref. No. 875. STEREOCARD IMAGE TITLED “STARTING AN AEROPLANE”.  Stamped on left hand side in ink is "Made in the USA".  An interesting feature of this card is that the gentlemen in the foreground are wearing top hats and carrying rifles.  Why is the aircraft in long grass?  What is the purpose of two sand bags hanging from the ise of the cockpit?

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